Carol Freeman

Paper Tiger: A Visual History of the Thylacine. First edition. Brill Academic Publishers, 2010.

This edition of Paper Tiger in Brill's Human-Animal Studies Series was aimed at human-animal studies scholars, zoologists, conservationists and cultural historians. It contained 80 illustrations and was published as a soft cover book that was marketed to university and institutional libraries, mainly in Europe and USA.

The 2014 revised edition of Paper Tiger, with the subtitle How Pictures Shaped the Thylacine, has a revised text, completely new layout and cover design and 20 additional illustrations. It is aimed at a general educated audience and is available at a very affordable price.

"The Last Image: Julia Leigh's The Hunter as Film" in Animal Death edited by Jay Johnston and Fiona Probyn-Rapsey

From the Foreword by the Hon. Michael Kirby AC CMG:

"A chapter in this book by Carol Freeman extends the story told in Julia Leigh's novel The Hunter (1999). That work was recently adapted as a film (Nettheim 2011). It tells the story of a man, sent to Tasmania to obtain genetic material from the last Tasmanian 'Tiger', for use in bio-warfare. It explores the impact of technology on animal life and does so under the shadow of the danger of species extinction. Julia Leigh's book is described by Freeman as unrelentingly 'bleak'. Some may feel the same about this book. It is about two subjects that most people spend their lives trying to avoid, preferring not to think of them: animal welfare and protection, and death. Put the two together and one has a combination likely to upset, repel and distress many readers in Australia and abroad."

"Feathering the Text" in Rethinking Chaucerian Beasts edited by Carolyn Van Dyke

From a review in The Medieval Review:

"Carol Freeman's remarkable essay, 'Feathering the Text', intersperses a reading of that tale with an expose of what animals suffered in medieval book production. It would have taken 200 to 225 sheep or goats to produce a Bible, she estimates, and at least 58 calfskins to create the Ellesmere Chaucer. Every beginner in codicology should read her account of the beast within the book: not only sheep and calves, but the geese whose feathers furnished quill pens, the gall flies whose egg caches produced the oak galls required for ink, the burrowing worms and nibbling mice - and we might add the now-celebrated cat that left its pawprints on a manuscript in Dubrovnik. As for Chauntecleer and Pertelote, today we would call them free-range poultry, unlike the 20,000 unlucky chickens in factory farms, who would never be able to display such plumage."

Barbara Newman, Professor of English, Religion & Classics, Northwestern University, Illinois

"Jill Symes: Landscape | Seascape | Escape" in Ceramics: Art and Perception 87 (2012): 92-95

A review of over 40 years of work by a Melbourne artist, focusing on her exhibition Fragments of Landscape at Kazari Gallery, Melbourne, 2010.

The impulse to create ceramic art can come from any number of sources. This review centres on Jill Symes responses to some of the unique land forms and vegetation of Australia - Cape Liptrap in Victoria, Lake Mungo in New South Wales, and the monoliths of Central Australia. "Symes escapes from the strictures of traditional forms, she creates or suggests quiet places to withdraw to: cave-like spaces, watery holes. She makes humble vessels that have the comfort of worn edges and curved shapes. The kind of objects and places that [Gaston] Bachelard feels satisfy a primal need for refuge".

See Jill's work on:

"Reconstructing the Animal" catalogue essay for Reconstructing the Animal exhibition, Plimsoll Gallery, Tasmanian School of Art, 18 March - 15 April 2011


Exploring a re-thinking of animals and human-animal relationships through the work of contemporary artists:

Adam Geczy & Jan Guy, Angela Singer, Harri Kallio, Kate James, Alicia King, Bryndis Snaebjornsdottir and Mark Wilson

Curator Yvette Watt

Online exhibition: Imaging Extinction from Trap to Laboratory curated by Carol Freeman

The web pages of a multi-media exhibition showing 200 years of thylacine images and how they were made. It includes early engravings in natural history books, old photographs, images in contemporary advertising and political cartoons, thylacine emblems on official and sporting material, taxidermy specimens and attempts at cloning.

"Ending Extinction: The Quagga, the Thylacine and the 'Smart Human'" in Leonardo's Choice: Genetic Technologies and Animals edited by Carol Gigliotti

Extract from a review in Genomics and Society:

"The final chapter, by Carol Freeman, addresses the biotechnological promissory around specie conservation and extinction reversal. It's an impressive and multi-faceted chapter. For example Freeman shows how attempts to 'bring back' the Thylacine from extinction implicitly evoke cultural meanings informed by the film Jurassic Park. Whilst Freeman is rightly not wholly dismissive of the contribution genetic science can and does make to conservation, she effectively calls into serious question the ability of such extinction reversal projects to result in viable self-sufficient 'rewilded' populations. She leaves us wondering if they are better seen in anthropocentric terms, as vanity projects of yet more human control."

Richard Twine: Department of Sociology / Cesagen - ESRC Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics, Lancaster University, UK.

"'In every respect new' European Impressions of the Thylacine, 1808-1855" in reCollections: Journal of the National Museum of Australia

When Tasmania was settled by the British 200 years ago, the thylacine, a shy marsupial carnivore with a striped back and a coughing bark, existed in small numbers on the island. By 1936 the species was extinct. This article focuses on the first published image of the thylacine in the Transactions of the Linnean Society in 1808, and traces its history over the following decades.

This paper was an entry in the National Museum of Australia Prize for the History of Australian Science, in 2006.

"Extinction and Ethical Perspectives" in Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare 2nd edition. Edited by Marc Bekoff. Foreword by Jane Goodall.

Reviews of the book:

"A superb reference resource for students, general readers, researchers, or others wanting to learn about our relationship with the nonhuman world."

- Booklist

"This encyclopedia shows why both animal rights and animal welfare matter around the world... As rightfully stated in the book's foreword, 'every time cruelty is overcome by compassion, we are moving toward that new and boundless ethic that will respect all living beings. Then indeed we shall stand at the threshold of a new era in human evolution—the realization of our most unique quality: Humanity'."
Library Journal, Starred Review